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BIBLIOGRAPHY

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BOOKS, ARTICLES and SOURCES cited in the Clinkscale Database of Early Pianos.

rev. 2011-03-21

 

 

Abel

Abel, Richard and Jeannine. Franklin, PA. Private communication.

ActaM

Acta Musicologica (Internationale Gesellschaft für Musikwissenschaft)
(Leipzig, 1928– ).

ActaO

Acta Organicologica (Merseburger, 1967–   ).

AdamsB

Adams, Byron. Riverside, CA. Private communication.

AdamsP

Adams, Peter. Washington, DC. Private communication.

Adlam&E/BRO or Adlam&Ehr/BRO

Adlam, Derek, and Cyril Ehrlich. `Broadwood', NG iii. 324 f.

Ahrons

Ahrons, Dr Sabim. Braunschweigisches Landesmuseum, Brunswick. Private communication.

Albrecht/PHI

Albrecht, Otto G. `Philadelphia. 6. Instrument Makers', NG xiv. 624.

Allen/STEINWAY

Allen, Frederick. ‘Steinway’, Invention and Technology (Fall, 1993), 34–43.

Allorto/PIANO

Allorto, Riccardo. `Pianoforte', La musica, 735–52.Del Mela 1739; Cristofori 1720; Cristofori 1722 in Casa Giusti del Giardino, owned by Conte Justo Giusti del Giardino, noble Paduan family; Socher 1742; Wachtl giraffe in Berlin; Berlin Silbermann; Sauer square & giraffe in Prague; Liszt's Steinway & Verdi' Érard  UCR

Alte Musikinstrumente

Alte Musikinstrumente: Ausstellung in Verbindung mit die Festspielen im Schwetzinger Schloß vom 8 Mai bis 30 Juni 1954 (Stuttgart, 1954).

Altenburg/KÖLN

Altenburg, Detlef. ‘Musikinstrumentenbau in Köln’ in Klaus Wolfgang Niemöller, ed. Studien zur Musikgeschichte des Rheinlandes iv. Beiträge zur Rheinischen Musikgeschichte cxii (Cologne: Arno Volk-Verlag, 1975), 89–99.

AmerC

American Collector (New York, 1925–28).

AMHJ

Altonaer Museum in Hamburg. Jahrbuch (Hamburg, [1963/4–   ]).

AMIS Journal

Journal of the American Musical Instrument Society. See JAMIS.

AMIS/NEWS

Newsletter of the American Musical Instrument Society. See NAMIS.

AMT

American Music Teacher (Pittsburgh, then New York, Baldwin, NY, Ann Arbor, MI, 1951–62/63; Cincinnati, OH, 1963/4–  ).

American Musical Instrument Society (AMIS) Newsletter. See AMIS/NEWS.

AMT

American Music Teacher (Pittsburgh, then New York, Baldwin, NY, Ann Arbor, MI, 1951–62/63; Cincinnati, OH, 1963/4–  ).

AMZ

Allgemeine musikalische Zeitung (Leipzig, 1798–1848).

AMZ/Über

(Anon.) `Über die Beylagen', AMZ 5/52 (21 Sept. 1803), 867–9. Illustrations and descriptions of all three of Müller's `Ditanaklasis' uprights Xeroxed from UCR  AMZ.ML5.A43 .

Anderson/MUSIC

Anderson, Ruth. ‘Music on the Move: Instruments of the Western Frontier’, Overland Journal (Spring, 1987), 27–34. Instruments of the American pioneers of the mid-19th century. Included are the first three Breitkopf & Härtel squares in California.

AnceletAncelet. Observations sur la musique, les musiciens et les instruments (Amsterdam, 1757). not seenAndré/KLAV

André, Karl August. Der Klavierbau (Frankfurt, 1855).

Annals–Buda

Iparmvészeti Múzeum Évkönyve (Annals of the Museum of Applied Arts, Budapest=Annuaire du Musée des Arts Décoratifs, Budapest) (Budapest, 1954; 1955–[69]; continues as Ars decorativa, Budapest, 1973–   ).

AnR

AntiekRevue ([The Hague]; continues as Kunst & AntiekRevue (The Hague,
1975–   ).

Ant

Antiquarian (New York).

Ant/AMER

(Anon.) `American Piano', Ant 3/3 (Oct. 1924), 12 f.

AntC

Antique Collector (London).

AntDCG

Antique Dealer & Collectors G uide. Antiquarian Publishing Co., Inc., vol. i, No. 1 [1921?]‑  (London: IPC Magazines Ltd., 19- )(London).

Antiques

Antiques (New York, 1952–71); continues Magazine Antiques (New York, 1928–52; continued by Magazine Antiques (New York, 1971–   ).

Apollo

Apollo: The Magazine of the Arts, ed. Denys Sutton (London).

Archimbaud/GUIDE

Archimbaud, Michel, Marcel Weiss, et al. Le Guide du piano (Paris, 1979)Sketchy but with some useful information.

Arthaud/HOMES

Arthaud, Claude. Les Maisons du génie (Paris, 1967). Eng. trans. Peter Burgess. Homes of the Great (Paris, 1967).

ArtomArtom, Dr. Auro. Turin. Private communication.Atti

Atti dell'Accademia del R.[egio] Conservatorio di Musica `Luigi Cherubini' di Firenze (Florence, 1863–1917, 1926–41).

AVISO

Aviso: A Monthly Dispatch from the American Association of Museums (Washington, DC).

AVISO/Car

(Anon.) `Carolina Museums Sustain Some Hurricane Damage', AVISO, 11
(Nov. 1989), 1 f.‑‑ report on damage to historic houses in Charleston, SC, as a result of Hurrican Hugo, Fall 1989‑‑ specifically mentioned were Charles Museum, Aiken‑Rhett House, & Manigault House, all of which have antique pianos

AyarraJarne/CLAV

Ayarra Jarne, José E. `El claviórgano inglés de la Catedral de Sevilla', Anuario musical: Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, 27 (Barcelona: Instituto Español de Musicologia, 1972) (1972), Discusses organized Buntebart in Chapter House, referred to by Pascual/ENGLISH; have xeroxed147–61.

Ayars/BOSTON

Ayars, Christine Merrick. Contributions to the Art of Music in America by the Music Industries of Boston, 1640–1936 (New York, 1937; repr. [1969]). Discusses Boston piano makers; also Morris Steinert and his collection.

Bachofen

Bachofen, Reinhard. Grüningen, Switzerland. Private communication.

BaduraE

Badura-Skoda, Dr Eva. Vienna. Private communication.

BaduraE/PRO

—— `Prolegomena to a History of the Viennese Fortepiano', Israel Studies in Musicology (1980), 78–99.

BaduraP/PIANIST

Badura‑Skoda, Paul. `Pianist's View', ii. MM 17 (Mar. 1969), 44 ff.; iii. MM 18 (Apr. 1969), 32 ff.

BaduraP/PLAY

—— `Playing the Early Piano', EM 12/4 (Nov. 1984), 477–80.Contains photo of author with his pianos

Baines/MUS

Baines, Anthony, ed. Musical Instruments through the Ages (London, 1961).

Banks

Banks, Dr Margaret Downie. Shrine to Music Museum, Vermillion, SD. Private communication.

BAP

Beiträge zur Aufführungspraxis, ed. Vera Schwarz (3 vols.; Graz, 1972, 1973; Vienna, 1975).

Bär

Der Bär: Jahrbuch von Breitkopf & Härtel (6 vols. Leipzig 1924‑1929/30)(Leipzig, 1924–29/30).

Bär

Der Bär: Jahrbuch von Breitkopf & Härtel (6 vols. Leipzig 1924‑1929/30) (Leipzig, 1924–29/30).

Barbieri/CEM

Barbieri, Patrizio. `Il cembalo onnicordo di Francesco Nigetti in due memorie inedite di G. B. Doni (1642) e B. Bresciani (1719)', RIM 22 (1987), 34–113.

Barbieri/ITALY

Barbieri, Patrizio; trans. Anna Palmieri. ‘Italy, Piano Industry in’, EKI i. 177–83.

Barclay

Barclay, Robert L. Canadian Conservation Institute, Ottawa. Private communication.

Barli/FACT

Barli, Olivier. La Facture française du piano de 1849 à nos jours (Paris: La Flute de Pan, 1983).

Barnes

Barnes, John. Edinburgh. Private communication.

Barnes/CIRC

—— ‘The Circulation of Restoration Reports: Restoration of a Square Piano c.1820 by Christian Gaiser’, FoMRHI 11 (Apr. 1978), 27–30.

Barnes/EARLY

—— ‘Early Pianos at Ipswich’, FoMRHI 42 (Jan. 1986), 56–9.

Barnes/REST

—— `Restoration Reports for Two Broadwood Pianos', FoMRHI 25 (Oct. 1981), 13–16.

Barry/MUSIC

Barry, Naomi. ‘Music, Art, and Country Pleasures’, HG: House & Garden 159/3 (Mar. 1987), 140–7, 202.

Bart–Cris

Bartolomeo Cristofori inventore del pianoforte: Pubblicazione ufficiale del comitato per la celebrazione del III centenario della nascita di Bartolomeo Cristofori (Padua, : Ente provinciale per il Turismo di Padova, 1955). Contains articles by Damerini, Brunelli Bonetti, & Scipione Maffei's "Nuova invenzione..." & photos of the pianos Rec'd from SRLF on ILL

Basart/SOUND

Basart, Ann P. The Sound of the Fortepiano: A Discography of Recordings on Early Pianos (Berkeley, CA, 1985).

Batel/HAND

Batel, Günther. Handbuch der Tasteninstrumente und ihrer Musik (Brunswick, 1986). Handsome volume with several plates of many instruments in the Brunswick Piano Museum (with the Schimmel Collection). Note list of makers, pp.228ff. Other collections utilized include: Nuremberg/GNM; Berlin; New York/MET; London/V&A; Deutsches Museum, Munich; the Heimathaus der Stadt Wasserburg, and the Städtisches Museum Braunschweig (Brunswick).

Bates-Fair/AMER

Bates, Elizabeth Bidwell, and Jonathan L. Fairbanks. American Furniture 1620 to the Present (New York, 1981). Included are a Hisky square at the Greenfield Village & Henry Ford Museum, Dearborn, MI.

Bavington/PEPIN

Bavington, Peter. `From Pepin to Walter', H&FM 4/6 (Oct. 1988), 150–5. Account of the NEMA conference, Guildhall School of Music and Drama, London, 21‑21 July 1988

Bavington/STARS

Bavington, Peter. ‘Stars, the Chorus, and a Pantomime Horse’, H&F 5/2 (Apr. 1995), 7–10.

Beckwith

Beckwith, Kathy D. New Bern, NC, Historical Society Foundation, Inc. Private Communication.

BeetJb

Beethoven Jahrbuch, ed. Paul Mies and Joseph Schmidt-Görg (Bonn, 1954–   ).

Beijnum/BOUW

Beijnum, B. van. Bouw en geschiedenis van het Klavier (Rotterdam, 1932).

Benton/PLE

Benton, Rita. `Pleyel', NG xv. 6–10.

Benton/PLE

Benton, Rita. ‘Pleyel’, NG xv. 6–10.

Beurmann

Beurmann, Dr Andreas. Hamburg. Private communication.

Beurmann/TASTEN

—— `Tasteninstrumente aus der Zeit C. Ph. E. Bachs. Sonderausstellung im Musikwissenschaftlichen Institut der Universität Hamburg', Der Hamburger Bach und die neue Musik des 18. Jahrhunderts: Eine Veranstaltungsreihe anläßlich des 200. Todesjahres von Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach. 1714–1788: Programmbuch, ed. Prof. Dr Hans Joachim Marx (Hamburg: Grömmer‑Druck,, 1988), 216–34. presents 5 instruments from the Beurmann collection, Hasselburg, with photos of 4

Bevan

Bevan, Clifford. Piccolo Press, Winchester, England. Private communication.

Bevan/MUS

Bevan, Clifford, ed. Musical Instrument Collections in the British Isles (Winchester, 1990).

BH

Braunschweigische Heimat: Zeitschrift für Natur‑ und Heimatpflege, Landes‑ und Folkskunde, Geschichte, Kunst und Schrifttum Ostfalens (Brunswick).

Bie/KLAV

Bie, Oscar. Das Klavier und seine Meister (Munich, 1898). Eng. trans. E. E. Kellett and E. W. Naylor. A History of the Pianoforte and Pianoforte Players (London, 1899). A contemporary review in Musical Times warns the reader that the English translation is a `paraphrase'.

Bilson/BEET

Bilson, Malcolm. `Beethoven and the Piano', Clav 12 (Oct. 1973), 18–21.

Bilson/VIEN

—— `The Viennese Fortepiano of the Late 18th Century', EM 8 (1980), 158–62.Photo of Haydn's Schantz, p.161

Biog. Lexikon

Biographisches Lexikon des kaiserthums Oesterreich, Dr Constant von Wurzbach, ed. (Vienna; repr. London and New York, 1966). Particularly valuable are vols. xix (1868) and xx (1880) for biographies of Ludwig Mooser and the Streicher family respectively.

Birley

Birley, Margaret. Horniman Museum, London. Private communication.

BJHM

Basler Jahrbuch für historische Musikpraxis (Basel, 1977–   ).

Blom/ROM

Blom, Eric. The Romance of the Piano (London, 1928; repr. New York, 1969)UCR ML652.B63R6 Contains some biographical info. on certain makers.

Blondel/HIST

Blondel, S. [A?]. Histoire anecdotique du piano (Paris, 1880).

Blondel/PIAN

—— `Le Piano et sa facture', ED 2/3 (Paris, 1927), 2061–72.

BlütGret/ATLAS

Blüthner, Julius, and Heinrich Gretschel, eds. Atlas zum Lehrbuch des Pianofortebaues in seiner Geschichte, Theorie und Technik. (2nd edn. Leipzig, 1886). Indispensable companion to the editors’ Lehrbuch.

BlütGret/LEHR

——. Lehrbuch des Pianofortebaues in seiner Geschichte, Theorie und Technik2 (Neuer Schauplatz der Künste und Handwerke, 89; Leipzig, 1872; 2d rev. edn.  1886).

BLÜTHNER

The History of the Blüthner Pianoforte: Julius Blüthner: Pianoforte Maker 1824 to 1910 (London, n.d.). An anonymous work not located for the present study.

Blüthner/PIANO

Blüthner, Julius Ferdinand, and Heinrich Gretschel. Lehrbuch des Piano­fortebaues in seiner Geschichte, Theorie und Technik ... (Weimar, 1872; [2nd edn. 1872; 3rd edn. 1909?]).  LC ML652.B66; 2nd ed. in LC catalog but 1872 ed. consulted courtesy of Smithsonian Library Mfm. 746[7?]. Text/c.2. MHT  xeroxed title p.

Boalch, Boalch2, and Boalch3

Boalch, Donald H. Makers of the Harpsichord and Clavichord, 1440–1840 (London, 1956; 2nd edn. Oxford, 1974; 3rd edn. Charles M. Mould (ed.), Oxford, 1995.

BoalchW/DUL

Boalch, Donald H., and Peter Williams. `Dulcken', NG v. 707 f.

BoalchW/KIR

—— `Kirckman', NG x. 76 ff.

BoalchW/MER

—— `Merlin, John Joseph', NG xii. 185.

BoalchW/TAS

—— `Taskin, Pascal(-Joseph)', NG xviii. 588 f.

Boehm

Boehm, Mary Louise. New York. Private communication.

Boeringer/ORGANA

Boeringer, James. Organa Britannica: Organs in Great Britain 1660–1860 (2 vols.; London and Toronto: i, 1983; ii, 1986).

Bolte/STEIN

Bolte, Theodor. Die Musikerfamilien Stein und Streicher (Vienna, 1917). U. of Wash.; LC Music 2167

Bonaventura/D

Bonaventura, Arnaldo. `Domenico Del Mela e il primo pianoforte verticale', Bolletino della Società Mugellana di Studi Storici 4/1 (Borgo San Lorenzo, 1928), 416–22. with photos of the piano & its action Have xeroxed

Bonaventura/S

—— Storia e letteratura del pianoforte (2nd edn. Livorno, 1926; 3rd edn. rev. and enl. Livorno, 1934) ML650 B6.

Bordas

Bordas, Cristina. Madrid. Private communication.

Bordas/COL-H

Bordas, Cristina. ‘Colección Hazen’, Hazen y el piano en España: 175 años (Madrid, 1989), 77–107.

Bordas/CONST

Bordas Ibáñez, Cristina.‘Dos constructores de pianos en Madrid: Francisco Flórez y Francisco Fernández’, RM 11/3 (Sept.–Dec. 1988), 807–51. (with color photos)

Bordas/INST

—— ‘Les Instruments à clavier: Clavicordio, monacordio et piano (Les Clavecin, virginal et épinette, le clavicorde et le pianoforte)’, Fr. trans. D. Schaub, in Instruments de musique espagnols du XVIe au XIXe siècle: Europalia 85 España: Exposition organisée par la Générale de Banque, 17/10–18/12, 1985. 29 rue Ravenstein, 1000 Bruxelles (Brussels, 1985), 101–13. [Bruxelles: Générale de Banque, 1985).

Bordas/INST-1

Bordas, Cristina. ‘Instrumentos españoles de los siglos XVII y XVIII en el Museo del Pueblo Español de Madrid’, RM 7/2 (1984), 301–33. This article lists a piano by Ferrer.

Bordas/INST-2

—— `Les Instruments à clavier: Clavicordio, monacordio et piano (Les Clavecin, virginal et épinette, le clavicorde et le pianoforte)', Fr. trans. D. Schaub, in Instruments de musique espagnols du XVIe au XIXe siècle: Europalia 85 España: Exposition organisée par la Générale de Banque, 17/10–18/12, 1985 29 rue Ravenstein, 1000 Bruxelles (Brussels, 1985), 101–13.  xeroxed pp. sent by Cristina Bordas [Bruxelles: Générale de Banque, 1985).

Bordas/OTROS

—— `Otros pianos de F. Flórez y F. Fernández', RM 13/1 (Jan.–June 1990), 227–30. offprint sent by Bordas; addendum to her article CONSTRUCTORES, RM xi/3, with additional information about Fernández and Flórez pianos

Bordas/PIANOS

—— ‘Los pianos Hosseschrueders y Hazen’, Hazen y el piano en España: 175 años (Madrid, 1989), 27–76.

BÖSENDORFER

Bösendorfer (Vienna, n.d.). Brochure published by the Bösendorfer firm in Vienna. Profusely illustrated with photographs from the factory archives and an outline of significant dates.

Boydell/HOLL

Boydell, Brian. `Frederick Hollister', NG viii. 651 f.

BozBrady/BRA

Bozarth, G. S., and Stephen H. Brady. ‘The Pianos of Johannes Brahms’, Brahms-W, 49–64.

Bradshaw

Bradshaw, W. F. New South Wales, Australia. Private communication.

BradshawBradshaw, Christopher. London. Private communication.BragardDH/MUSIK

Bragard, Roger, and Ferdinand J. DeHen. Les Instruments de musique dans l'art et l'histoire. Pref. G. Thibault‑Chambure (Rhode‑St‑Genèse [Belgium], 1967). German trans. Dieter Krickeberg. Musikinstrumente aus zwei Jahrtausenden (Stuttgart, 1968) pl.v.12 & p.182 shows orig. label of the Brussells Stein; v.13 & p.192 shows German square in Brussels; German edition consulted.

Brahms-W

Frisch, Walter, ed. Brahms and His World (Princeton, 1990).

Brancour/HIST

Brancour, René. Histoire des instruments de musique. Pref. Charles‑Marie Widor (Paris,: Henri Laurens,  1921). Pictured are an Érard square, 1813 (Conservatoire), anon. upright (same), anon. Empire‑style square

Bran-Ricci

Bran-Ricci, Josiane. Conservatoire National Supérieur de Musique, Paris. Private communication.

Bray/COLT

Bray, David. ‘The Colt Clavier Collection at 50: A Collection in Distress?’ H&FM 5/1 (Oct. 1994), 32–4.

Brenninger/ORG

Brenninger, Georg. Orgeln in Altbayern (Munich, 1978).

Brinkman/BERICHT

Brinkmann, 'Bericht' (1904).

Brinsmead/HIST

Brinsmead, Edgar. History of the Pianoforte (London, 1889).

Briqueville/ANC

Briqueville, Eugène de. Les Anciens Instruments (Paris, 1908).

Briqueville/CLAV

—— Le Clavecin de Mme. du Barry et le piano de la Reine Marie‑Antoinette (Paris, 1892).

BROAD

The Broadwood Collection of Antique Instruments: Forerunners of the Modern Pianoforte on View at the Broadwood Galleries ... London (London, 1903). Small pamphlet with pen‑and‑ink drawings of the instruments in the Collection.

Broad/INT

(Broadwood, [John], and Sons). International Exhibition, 1862 [London, 1862]. British Library copy destroyed in WW II.

BroadJS/NOTES

Broadwood, John Shudi. Some Notes Made by J. S. Broadwwod, 1838, with Observations & Elucidations by H. F. Broadwood, 1862. (London: W. S. Johnson, 1862).

Brown/JOSEPH

Brown, A. Peter. Joseph Haydn's Keyboard Music: Sources and Style (Bloomington, IN, 1986).

Brown/MUSICAL

Brown, Mary E., and William Adams Brown. Musical Instruments and Their Homes ... A Complete Catalogue of the Collection of Musical Instruments Now in the Possession of Mrs J. Crosby Brown of New York (New York, 1888).

Brunelli Bonetti/C

Brunelli Bonetti, Bruno. `Bartolomeo Cristofori e il mondo musicale padovano', in Bart–Cris, 13–41. Paper read at the University of Padua, 4 May 1955.

BrunnerH/MOZ

Brunner, Hans. Das Klavierklangideal Mozarts und die Klaviere seiner Zeit (Veröffentlichungen des Musikwissenschaftlichen Instituts der Deutschen Universität in Prag, 4; ed. Gustav Beckling; Augsburg and Brno, 1933; repr. Nendeln, Liechtenstein, 1975). :  Dr. Benno Filser Verlag G.M.B.H. : Rudolf M. Rohrer Verlag,

BrunnerR/THAT

Brunner, Raymond J. ‘That Ingenuous Business’: Pennsylvania German Organ Builders (Birdsboro, PA, 1990).

Büch/PIANO

Büch, Francis. Du piano (Rouen, 1869).

Buchner/MOZART

Buchner, Alexandr, Karel Koval, Karel Mikysa, and Antonín Cubr. Mozart and Prague. Eng. trans. Daphne Rusbridge (Prague, 1957 and 1962).

Buchner/MUSIK and Buchner/MUSICAL

Buchner, Alexandr. Hudební nástroje od pravkuk dnešku (Prague, 1956). Ger. trans. Otto Guth. Musikinstrumente von den Anfängen bis zur Gegenwart (Prague, 1972); Eng. trans. Borek Vancura. Musical Instruments [through the Ages]: An Illustrated History (Prague and New York, 1973); also another Eng. trans. Iris Urwin (London, [n.d., 1956?]).

Buchner/SOS

—— ‘Das Sostenente‑Piano’, Revue belge de musicologie (1980–81), 34–5.

Burbure/RECH

Burbure, Léon de. Recherches sur les facteurs de clavecins et les luthiers d'Anvers depuis le XVIe jusqu'au XIXe siècle (Brussels, 1863).

Burnett

Burnett, Richard. Finchcocks, Goudhurst, Kent. Private communication.

Burnett/ENG

—— ‘English Pianos at Finchcocks’, EM 13/1 (Feb. 1985), 45–51.

Burney/CAT

Burney, Charles. Catalogue of the Music Library of Charles Burney. Facs. with introd. by A. Hyatt King (London, 1814; facs. Amsterdam, 1973). Burney is the presumed author.

Burney/PRESENT

—— The Present State of Music in Germany, The Netherlands, and United Provinces (2 vols.; London, 1773; 2d edn. 1775; repr. London, 1973).

Busk&Smagula

Busk, Jeffrey, and John Smagula. Mathusek Society. Private communication.

Butt

Butt, Susan. Bath, Avon. Private communication.

Byne&S/SPA

Byne, Arthur, and Mildred Stapley. Spanish Interiors and Furniture (3 vols.; New York, 1921–25; rev. edn. 1969). See pl. 192.Vol. ii (1922), pl. 255, depicts a piano by the maker Pérez Mirabal.

Campbell/PUR

Campbell, David Eugene. `The Purveyor as Patron: The Contribution of American Piano Manufacturers and Merchants to Musical Culture in the United States, 1851–1914', Ph.D. dissertation (2 vols.; City University of New York, 1984).Microfilm, UCB‑‑read 12/89: some interest‑‑P. 11, fn. 14: A Taws piano, 1794, exhibited at the Industrial Parade in Philadelphia, 1889; owned by Henrietta M. Bradshaw, who lent it to the American Catholic Historical Society, Phila.; also fn. 15 refers to Robert A. Gerson, Music in Philadelphia (Phila: Presser, 1940): Taws's shop in 1810 in Phila.; nothing else about specific instruments

Carpenter/DEC

Carpenter, Charles H., jun., and Mary Grace Carpenter. The Decorative Arts and Crafts of Nantucket. Photographs by Arthur d'Arazien (New York, 1987).

Casaglia/CRIS

[Casaglia, F.] Per le onoranze a Bartolommeo Cristofori che avranno luogo in Firenze il di 7 maggio 1876 (Florence, 1876).

Casella/PIANO

Casella, Alfredo. Il pianoforte (Rome and Milan, 1937). mainly on performance

Catalano/CAB

Catalano, Kathleen Matilda. ‘Cabinetmaking in Philadelphia, 1820–1840’, M.A. thesis, (University of Delaware [Winterthur Program], 1972). C. F. L. Albrecht piano (Smithsonian, no cat. no.).

Ceballos/POR

Ceballos-Escalera, I. `Porcelain from a Garden Factory', Apollo (May 1958), 363–9. Discussion of El Buen Retiro porcelain factory, established near Madrid in the 18th century by King Charles (Carlos) III of Spain: its significance in the development of imitation Wedgwood plaques, which were used in the decoration of several Spanish pianos.

Chickering

Chickering and Sons’ Piano-Fortes at the Exhibitions of 1856 (Boston, 1857). A rare and fascinating pamphlet describing and illustrating the Chickering pianos manufactured at that date.

Chickering/CAT

[Chickering & Sons]. Catalogue of the Exhibition: Horticultural Hall, Boston, January 11 to 26, 1902 (Boston, 1902).

Chickering/CENT

—— 1823–1923: Jonas Chickering Centennial Celebration to Honor the Memory and Achievement of One of Boston's Most Distinguished Citizens ... (Boston, 1923); 2nd ptg. with the title: The Jonas Chickering Centennial Celebration: A Tribute to the Life and Work of Jonas Chickering ... in Celebration of the Hundredth Anniversary of the Founding by Him of the House of Chickering and Sons in 1823 (New York, 1924).

Chigiana

Chigiana: Rassegna annuale di studi musicologici, new series. Published by the Accademia Musicale Chigiana (Florence, 1964–   ).

Christie/FINE

[Christie's]. Fine American Furniture, Silver and Decorative Arts (23 Jan. 1982).

Christie's catalogues

[Christie's]. Various sale catalogues of different titles. Each instrument described in one of these catalogues is listed with full bibliographical details in the respective REFERENCES paragraphs.

Christie's east

[Christie's east]. Various sale catalogues of the New York branch of Christie, Manson & Woods International Inc. Each instrument described is listed with full bibliographical details in the respective REFERENCES paragraph.

CIMCIM/NEWS

CIMCIM Newsletter. Newsletter of the International Committee of Musical Instrument Collections/Bulletin du Comité International des Musées et Collections d'Instruments de Musique. ([1973]–   ).

CK

Contemporary Keyboard (Saratoga, CA, 1975–   ).

Clav

Clavier (Evanston, IL, 1962–   ).

Clemencic/OLD

Clemencic, René. Alte Musikinstrumente (Frankfurt am Main, 1970). Eng. trans. David Hermges. Old Musical Instruments (London and New York, 1968).

Clinkscale

Clinkscale, Martha Novak. In the entries for individual pianos, Clinkscale without parentheses denotes an examination, usually including detailed measurements, by the author; the parentheses around the name indicates an on-site verification, not necessarily accompanied by detailed measurements.

Clinkscale/CH

—— `Chappell & Co.', EKI i.

Clinkscale/DIE

—— `Dietz', EKI i.

Clinkscale/ED

—— `Edwards, William', EKI i.

Clinkscale/GEIB

—— `Geib', EKI i.

Clinkscale/MAKERS i

—— Makers of the Piano i. 1700–1820 (Oxford, 1993; repr. with corrections, 1995).

Clinkscale/SCHIED

—— `Schiedmayer und Söhne', EKI i.

Clinkscale/SCHMAHL

—— `Schmahl', EKI i.

Clinkscale/SCHWEIG

—— `Schweighofer & Söhne', EKI i.

Closson/FACT

Closson, Ernest. La Facture des instruments de musique en Belgique (Brussels, 1935).

Closson/HIST

—— Histoire du piano (Brussels,: Editions Universitaires,  1944). Eng. trans. Delano Ames. History of the Piano (London, 1947); 2nd edn. rev. Robin Golding (London, 1974; repr. 1976). UCR ML650.C58 & C5813 The Golding edition used for this study

Closson/TASK

—— `Pascal Taskin, facteur de pianos né à Theux (1723–1793)', Recueil de la Société Internationale de Musicologie, 12 (1911), 234–67; Sammelbände der IMG, 20 (1912); Wallonia, 20/9–10 (1912), 480–507.

Clutton/PIAN

Clutton, Cecil. `The Pianoforte', in Baines/MUS, 83–96.

Cobbe/CENT

Cobbe, Alec. A Century of Keyboard Instruments 1760–1860: Catalogue of the Exhibition at the Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge, 5 July–31 Aug. 1983 (Yattendon, Berkshire: Alec Cobbe, 1983).

Cohen/MAR

Cohen, Albert. `Jean Marius' Clavecin brisé and Clavecin à maillets Revisited: The “Dossier Marius“ at the Paris Academy of Sciences', JAMIS 13 (1987), 23–38.

ColeH/NOTE

Hugo Cole. `Collection of Note', Country Life, 182/23 (9 June 1988), 258 f. Describes a portion of the Alec Cobbe Collection.

ColeM

Cole, Michael. Cheltenham, England. Communication.

ColeW/AMER

Cole, Warwick Henry. `Americus Backers: Original Forte Piano Maker', H&FM 4/4 (Oct. 1987), 79–86.

ColeW/COLL

—— `Collections: Finchcocks', H&FM 4/3 (Apr. 1987), 63 ff.

ColeW/EARLY

—— `The Early Piano in Britain Reconsidered', EM 14/4 (Dec. 1986), 563–6.

ColeW/INT

—— `An Interview with Melvyn Tan', H&FM 4/4 (Oct. 1987), 74–8.

Collinson

Collinson, Dr Howard. Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto. Private communication.

Colt/CLAV; CLAV2

Colt, C. F. The Colt Clavier Collection (Portsmouth, [1969?]; rev. with ‘Addenda and Errata’ and a new numbering system, 1981).

Colt/EARLY

—— with Antony Miall. The Early Piano (London, 1981).

Colt/EARLY-H

—— ‘Early Pianos: Their History and Character’, EM 1 (Jan. 1973), 27–33.

Condé–NastT

Condé–Nast Traveler (New York, 1987–   ).

Conn

Connoisseur: An Illustrated Magazine for Collectors (London, 1901; acquired by William Randolf Hearst in 1927; published in New York and London until Feb. 1992).

Continuo

Continuo: An Early Music Magazine (Toronto).

Cooke

Cooke, Max. University of Melbourne. Private communication.

Cooper/CLASS

Cooper, Wendy A. ‘Classical Taste in America, 1800–1840’, Antiques [135] (May 1993), 764–75.

Coover/MUSICAL

Coover, James. Musical Instrument Collections: Catalogues and Cognate Literature (Detroit Studies in Music Bibliography, 47; Detroit, 1981).

Cornelius/FURN

Cornelius, Charles Over. Furniture Masterpieces of Duncan Pbyfe (Garden City, NY: Doubleday, Page & Co. for the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1922; repr. New York: Dover, 1970). Plate 52 shows a Geib piano, c.1820, which is discussed briefly, 79 f.

Cranmer et al./ER

Cranmer, Margaret, Cecil Ehrlich, Ann Griffiths, and Richard MacNutt. ‘Érard’, NG vi. 219 f.

Cranmer et al./GEIB

—— Barbara Owen, W. Thomas Marrocco, and Mark Jacobs. ‘Geib’, NG vii. 216 f.

CranmerJ

Cranmer, John. Nene University, Northampton, England. Private communication.

CranmerJ/CONCERT

—— ‘Concert Life and the Music Trade in Edinburgh c.1780–c.1830’ (D.Phil. diss. University of Edinburgh, 1991; publication forthcoming).

CranmerM

Cranmer, Margaret. Cambridge. Private communication.

CranmerM/BACK

—— `Backers, Americus', NG ii. 2.

CranmerM/BALL

—— `Ball, James', NG ii. 70.

CranmerM/BEC

Cranmer, Margaret. ‘Becker’, NG ii. 336.

CranmerM/BECK

—— `Beck, Frederick', NG ii. 334 f.

CranmerM/BÖS

—— ‘Bösendorfer’, NGDMI i. 253.

CranmerM/COLL

—— ‘Collard & Collard', NG iv. 534.

CranmerM/CRA

—— ‘Cramer, J. B.’, NGDMI i. 512.

CranmerM/DIE

—— `Dietz, Johann Christian (ii)', NG v. 472.

CranmerM/GAN

—— `Ganer, Christopher', NG vii. 145.

CranmerM/GRO-S

—— ‘Grotrian-Steinweg’, NG vii. 746 f.

CranmerM/HAWK

—— `Hawkins, John Isaac', NG viii. 325 f.

CranmerM/HAX

—— `Haxby, Thomas', NG viii. 326.

CranmerM/HOFF

—— `Hoffmann', NG viii. 627.

CranmerM/HUB

—— `Hubert, Christian Gottlob', NG viii. 757.

CranmerM/IBACH

—— `Ibach, Johannes Adolph', NG ix. 1.

CranmerM/KNA

—— ‘Knabe’, NG x. 117 f.

CranmerM/LOUD

—— `Loud, Thomas', NG xi. 252.

CranmerM/MEY

—— ‘Meyer’, NG xii. 242.

CranmerM/PAPE

—— `Pape, Jean Henri', NG xiv. 170.

CranmerM/PLEYEL

—— `Pleyel (ii)', NG xv. 11 f.

CranmerM/POHL

—— `Pohlmann, Johannes', NG xv. 21 f.

CranmerM/ROG

—— ‘Rogers’, NG xvi. 102.

CranmerM/ROL

—— `Rolfe', NG xvi. 112.

CranmerM/SCHI

—— `Schiedmayer', NG xvi. 642.

CranmerM/SOUTH

—— `Southwell, William', NG xvii. 779.

CranmerM/STOD

—— `Stodart', NG xviii. 163.

CranmerM/STRE

—— `Streicher', NG xviii. 267.

CranmerM/TOMP

—— `Tomkison, Thomas', NG xix. 47.

CranmerM/WAG

—— `Wagner, Johann Gottlob', NG xx. 148.

CranmerM/ZUMPE

—— `Zumpe, Johannes', NG xx. 715 f.

Craw/DUS

Craw, H. Allan. `Dussek', NG v. 755.

Crehore/CRE

Crehore, Charles Frederic. A Genealogy of the Crehore Family (Wellesley Hills, MA, 1887).

Crehore/CRE-P

Crehore, Charles L. The Benjamin Crehore Piano: An Account in the Form of Notes (Boston: For the author, 1926).

Creighton/IB

Creighton, W. R. `Ibach', Grove5 iv. 435.

Cripe/JEFF

Cripe, Helen. Thomas Jefferson and Music (Charlottesville: U. of Va. , VA, 1974).

Crombie/PIANO

Crombie, David. Piano: A Photographic History of the World’s Most Celebrated Instrument (San Francisco and London, 1995). Attractive, informally produced collection of elaborately captioned photographs, nearly all of them in colour. Particularly useful are the photographs of action models.

Crystal

The Crystal Palace and Its Contents: Being an Illustrated Cyclopædia of the Great Exhibition of the Industry of All Nations: 1851 (London: W. M. Clark, 1852). Lists all medals awarded.

Curtis/DUTCH

Curtis, Alan. `Dutch Harpsichord Makers', TVNM 19 (1960–61), 44–66.

Curtis/MUSIC

Curtis, Tony. Musical Instruments ([Glenmayne, Scotland], 1977). Tiny hand guide with drawings of instruments illustrating makers' styles  U.MD. ML18.C95

DAB

Dictionary of American Biograpny.

Daehne/WIT

Daehne, Paul. `Paul de Wits Leben und Wirken', ZI 46/7 (1 Jan. 1926), 321–5.

Dahl

Dahl, Bjarne B. Sunnyvale, CA. Private communication.

Dahlström/FIN

Dahlström, Fabian. Finländsk Klavertillverkning före år 1900 samt beskrivning av Sibeliusmuseets inhemska klaversamling (Acta Musica: Källskrifter och Studier utgivna av Musikvetenskapliga Institutionen vin Åbo Akademi, 7; Åbo, 1978).

Dal Fabbro/CREP

Dal Fabbro, Beniamino. Crepuscolo del pianoforte (Turin: Einaudi Editore, 1951).LC ML650.F25;  UCB ML700.F17  A pleasant general history of the pianopiano and pianists; no bibliography and pianists.

Dale/TSCHUD

Dale, William. Tschudi, the Harpsichord Maker (London, 1913).

Dale–OC/INST

Dale, Kathleen, and William J. O'Conner. `London. ix. Instrument Making', NG xi. 215 ff.

Dallapiccola/HIST

Dallapiccola, Laura. `Histoire et bibliographie du piano en Italie', Revue, 1/5–6 (Brussels, Apr. 1939), 966 ff. xeroxed ‑ slight article mentioning Cristofori

Damerini/CRIS

Damerini, Adelmo. `Verità storica sull'invenzione di Bartolomeo Cristofori', Bart–Cris, 43–86. Paper read at the University of Padua, 27 Apr. 1955.

dePontOl/GRAY

de Pontigny, Victor, and Guy Oldham. `Gray & Davison', NG vii. 651.

Desilver/1823

Desilver, Robert. The Philadelphia Index, or Directory, for 1823 (Philadelphia, 1823).

Desilver/1835–36

—— DeSilver’s Philadelphia Directory and Stranger’s Guide for 1835 and 36 (Philadelphia: the author, 1835).

Deutsch/SCHUBERT

Deutsch, Otto Erich, ed. Schubert: Memoirs by his Friends. Eng. trans. Rosamond Ley and John Nowell (New York, 1958). Rieder's Walter

Dibley

Dibley, T. K., Deal, Kent. Private communication. Dibley has made a thorough investigation of the addresses of Ralph Allison, Robert Allison, and Allison & Allison.

Dietrich

Dietrich, Dr Gerhard. Kunstgewerbemuseum, Cologne. Private communication.

DJM

Dwight’s Journal of Music, John Sullivan Dwight, ed., 1–41 (Boston, 1852–81).

DNB

Dictionary of National Biography.

Dodd/DAYS

Dodd, George. Days at the Factories; or, The Manufacturing Industry of Great Britain Described. Series 1: London (London, 1843; 1st edn repr. New York, 1967). Chapter 17, ‘A Day at a Pianoforte-Factory’, describes life at the ‘principal’ Broadwood factory on Horseferry Road, Westminster. Several illustrations include a fret-cutter at work and a view of a room where uprights are being made.

Dolge/PIANOS

Dolge, Alfred. Pianos and Their Makers (Covina, CA: Covina Publishing Co. 1911; repr. New York Covina Publishing Co., 1972; vol. ii. Covina CA: Dover, 1913; repr. as Men Who Have Made Piano History (Vestal, NY: Vestal Press, 1980).

Domizlaff

Domizlaff, Ilse. Bachhaus, Eisenach. Private communication.

Donington/MUS

Donington, Robert. Music and its Instruments (London, 1982), 92–100. Short section on `Hammered Strings' with details of construction techniques  U.MD.ML460.D63.1982

Dow

Dow, William. Finchcocks, Goudhurst, Kent. Private communication.

Drake/BEHIND

Drake, Kenneth. `Behind the Fallboard', AMT 12 (July–Aug. 1963), 16–17. Two 19th‑century pianos discussed:  Barbara Holmquist's  Broadwood, 1817, & Yale's Streicher, 1816

DroyEH/HAND

Droysen-Reber. Dagmar, Martin Elste, and Gesine Haase. Handwerk im Dienste der Musik: 300 Jahre Berliner Musikinstrumentenbau (Berlin, 1987).

Ducoff-Barone/EARLY

Ducoff-Barone, Deborah. ‘The Early Industrialization of the Philadelphia Furniture Trade, 1800–1840’, Ph.D. dissertation (University of Pennsylvania, 1985).

Ducoff-Barone/PHIL

—— ‘Philadelphia Furniture Makers: 1816–1830’, Antiques 145/5 (May 1994), 742–55. Contains a directory of these makers.

Dunkley

Dunkley, Clive. Private communication.

Duyf/WEENSE

Duyf, Hans D. ‘De opkomst en ondergang van de Weense vleugelbouw in de 19e eeuw’, AnR 3/11 (Dec. 1977), 7–13 and cover.

Dyer/CHAP

Dyer, Oliver. ‘A Chapter on the Pianoforte’, MW-NYMT 4/16 (18 Dec. 1852), 243 ff. An account of a visit to the Boston headquarters of Jonas Chickering, with mention of the company’s factories in Lawrence and Lancaster, MA. Dyer also relates that Pratt, Brother & Co. of Deepriver, CT, ‘now furnish ivory for nearly all the principal pianoforte-makers in the Union’.

Dyer/PIANO

Dyer, Oliver? ‘Pianofortes’, MW-NYMT 6/1 (7 May 1853), 3 f.

Eckhardt

Eckhardt, Dr Maria. Liszt Ferenc Memorial Museum and Research Centre, Budapest. Private communication.

ED

Encyclopédie de la musique et dictionnaire du Conservatoire, ed. Albert Lavignac and Lionel de la Laurencie (Paris, [1913]–31).

Ehrlich/BECH

Ehrlich, Cyril. ‘Bechstein’, NG ii. 331 f.

Ehrlich/BORD

—— ‘Bord, Antoine-Jean Denis’, NG iii. 43.

Ehrlich/PIANO

Ehrlich, Cyril. The Piano: A History (London, Toronto, and Melbourne, 1976; 2nd edn. Oxford, 1990).

Ehrlich/STEIN

—— ‘Steinway’, NG xviii. 112 f.

Eichler

Eichler, Heidrun. Director, Musikinstrumenten-Museum Markneukirchen. Private communication.

Eigeldinger/CHOPIN

Eigeldinger, Jean‑Jacques. Chopin vu par ses élèves2 (Neuchâtel, 1979).

Eisenmann/SCHIED

Eisenmann, Alexander. Schiedmayer & Söhne: Hofpianofortefabrik Stuttgart: Vorgeschichte, Gründung und fernere Entwicklung der Firma 1809–1909 (Stuttgart, 1909).

EKI

Encyclopedia of Keyboard Instruments, ed. Robert Palmieri, i. The Organ, ed. Douglas Bush; ii. The Clavichord and Harpsichord, edd. Igor and Judith Kipnis; iii: The Piano (London and New York, 1994).

EKI i

Encyclopedia of Keyboard Instruments i: The Piano, ed. Robert Palmieri and Margaret W. Palmieri (London and New York, 1994).

EKJ

Early Keyboard Journal. Journal of the Southeastern Historical Keyboard Society and the Midwestern Historical Keyboard Society (Athens, GA, 1982–   ).

EKS/NEWS

Early Keyboard Studies Newsletter. A publication of the Westfield Center for Early Keyboard Studies, Inc. (Easthampton, MA, 1984–   ).

ElderSt/AMER

Elder, William Voss III, and Jayne E. Stokes. American Furniture 1680–1880 from the Collection of the Baltimore Museum of Art (Baltimore, 1987). Discussion of a Lovering Ricketts piano and biography.

Elder/BALT

Elder, William Voss III. Baltimore Painted Furniture 1800–1840. (Baltimore: Baltimore Museum of Art, 1972). Discussions of two Hisky square pianos.

Eliason

Eliason, Robert E. Lyme, NH. Private communication.

Eliason/CAT

Eliason, Robert E. `Catlin, George', NG iv. 12 f.

Eliason/FHP

—— ‘Firth, Hall & Pond’, NGDMI i. 761 f.

Eliason/FIRTH

—— ‘Firth, Hall & Pond’, NG vi. 604.

Eliason/MEACHAM

—— ‘The Meachams: Musical Instrument Makers of Hartford and Albany’, JAMIS 5/6 (1979–80), 54–71. Important musical instrument makers and dealers in Albany, NY.

Elmar/ECK&L

Ellmar, Paul. ‘Eck & Lebvre: Pianofortefabrik und Musikverlag, Cöln, Cäcilienstraße 40’, Jahrbuch des Kölnischen Geschichtsvereins 33 (1958), 221–33.

EM

Early Music (Oxford, 1973–   ).

EM:AM

Encyclopédie méthodique: Arts et métiers, iv: Instruments de musique et lutherie (Paris 1751–52, 1776–77).

EM:DM

Encyclopédie méthodique: Dictionnaire de musique, comp. and ed. Nicolas Étienne Framery, Pierre Louis Ganguené, and Jérôme-Joseph de Momigny (2 vols.; Paris, 1791–1818; repr. New York, 1971). Érard Frères and Clementi, Collard mentioned  UCR ML100.F83 1971

 

Engel/CAT

Engel, Carl. Catalogue of the Special Exhibition of Ancient Musical Instruments (London, 1872; repr. 1971).

EngIM

English Illustrated Magazine (London, 1883–1913).

ÉRARD

Sébastien Érard: L’Aventure du pianoforte. Text by Françoise Soulier-François, Alain Roudier, Patricia Faivre (Besançon, 1995). Catalogue of an exhibition held at the Musée des Beaux-Arts et d’Archéologie de Besançon, 21 Sept.–4 Dec. 1995. Received too late for discussion in Makers ii. Illustrated are two squares, dated 1839, from the collection of the Musée; and four grands and two uprights from private collections. Three of these grands and both uprights were shown, respectively, at the Paris exhibitions of 1844, 1851, and 1855.

Érard/DOSS

Érard, Frères. Dossier Érard. (London and Paris, 1844; Paris, 1878; repr. with introd. by Anik Devriès, Geneva, 1980). Several documents by the Érard brothers.

Érard/DOSSIER

Érard, Pierre [et al.]. Dossier Erard: The Harp in Its Present Improved State Compared with the Original Pedal Harp, Anik Devriès, ed. (London and Paris, 1821, 1834, 1844, 1878; repr. Geneva, 1980). The editor’s introduction to the reprint presents a new chronology of the Érard firm. There are valuable facsimile reprints in this volume: they include ‘Le Piano d’Érard à l’Exposition de 1844’.

Érard/ERARD

Érard, Pierre. Erard’s New Patent Action Grand Pianoforte (London: Taylor, 1835?).

Érard/MAISON

—— La Maison Érard, 1780–1903: Ses origines, ses inventions, ses travaux (Paris, 1903).

Érard/PIANO

—— Perfectionnemens apportés dans le mécanisme du piano par les Érard, depuis l’origine de cet instrument jusqu’à l’Exposition de 1834 (Paris and London, 1834; repr. in Érard/DOSSIER).

Érard/USINES

—— Les Grands Usines de Turgan (Paris, 1887).

Fabbri/ALBA

Fabbri, Mario. L'alba del pianoforte: Verità storica sulla nascita del primo cembalo a martelletti (new edn. Milan: Festival Pianistico Internazionale A. Benedetti Michelangeli, 1968). reference checked at the GNM, Nürnberg; LC ML655.F3; UNAVAILABLE FOR LOAN

Fabbri/CRIST

—— `Il primo “pianoforte“ di Bartolomeo Cristofori', Chigiana, 21, new series 1 (1964), 162–72.

Fabbro, dal

See Dal Fabbro.

Falcon/CREHORE

Falcon, Amy H. B. Crehore. Crehore and Kin 1620–1961 (Evanston, IL, 1962).

Farmer/HIST

Farmer, Henry George. A History of Music in Scotland (London, 1947; repr. New York: Da Capo Press 1970).

Feder/RÖL

Federhofer-Königs, Renate. `Röllig, Karl Leopold', MGG 11, 609 f.

Fél&R/ERM

Félix, Jean-Pierre, and Paul Raspé. `Ermel', Haine–M/DICT, 161–4.

Fétis/BIO

Fétis, François-Joseph. Biographie universelle des musiciens et bibliographie générale de la musique (2nd edn. 8 vols., Paris, 1860–5; suppl. 2 vols., Paris, 1878–81; repr. 1963).

Fétis/ÉRARD

—— Notice biographique sur Sébastien Érard, Chevalier de la Légion-d'honneur (Paris, 1831).

Fétis/EXPO

Fétis, François-Joseph. ‘Exposition de 1827’, RM 2, 250–2.

Fétis/EXPOSITION

—— ‘Exposition des produits de l’industrie,’ RM 1 (1827), 482–5.

Fétis/SKETCH

—— ‘A Sketch of the History of the Pianoforte and Pianists’, Harm i (1830/[1]), 376–77; ii (1830/2), 407–10; iii (1831/1), 212–14.

Fine/PIANO

Fine, Larry. The Piano Book: Buying & Owning a New or Used Piano (2nd edn. 1990), 145 ff. Contains a list of all Steinway models with their first serial numbers and dates of manufacture, with compasses; useful for calculating ages of pianos.

Fischer/BEZ

Fischer, Hermann. `Die Beziehungen Mainfrankens zu anderen Orgellandschaften', ActaO 3 (1969), 13–68.

Fischer/MAIN

—— `Der mainfränkische Orgelbau bis zur Säkularisation', ActaO 2 (1968), 101–204.

FischerWo/BAM

—— and Theodor Wohnhaas. `Bamberger Orgelbauer der Barockzeit', Historischer Verein für die Pflege der Geschichte des ehemaligen Fürstbistums Bamberg, 117 (Bamberg, 1981), 93–125.

FischerWo/WERK

—— `Werkverzeichnisse fränkischer Orgelbauer', ActaO 21 (1990), 13–54.

Fischhof/VER

Fischhof, Joseph. Versuch einer Geschichte des Klavierbaues (Vienna, 1853).

Flade/SIL

Flade, Ernst. Gottfried Silbermann: Ein Beitrag zur Geschichte des deutsches Orgel‑ und Klavierbaus im Zeitalter Bachs (Leipzig, 1953). Especially the chapter, `Gottfried Silbermann, der Klavierbauer', 218–74. UCR ML424S44F6.1953 `Gottfried Silbermann, der Klavierbauer', pp.218‑274; known pianos, including those destroyed in both world wars, listed, p.277; plates

Flauto

Il flauto dolce. Published by the Società Italiana del Flauto Dolce (Rome, 1971–  ).

Flechsig/OST

Flechsig, Werner. `Ostfälische Musikinstrumentenmacher des 18. und frühen 19. Jahrhunderts', BH i. 48/2 (July 1962), 46–9; ii. 48/3 (Oct. 1962), 89–96; iii. 48/4 (Dec. 1962), 110–15; iv. 49/1 (Apr. 1963), 9–16; v. 49/2 (July 1963), 42–8; vi. 49/3 (Oct. 1963), 83–9. Nos. 16‑26 in this issue (Ref: Pilipczuk; all parts found at Getty Center and are xeroxed...)

Florrimell

Florrimell, Rosemary. Grainger Museum, University of Melbourne. Parkville, Australia. Private communication.

FoMRHI

FoMRHI Quarterly. A newsletter published by the Fellowship of Makers and Researchers of Historical Instruments, ed. Jeremy Montagu (Oxford).

Fontana

Fontana, Eszter. Musikinstrumenten-Museum, Leipzig. Private communication.

Fontana/HUNGARY

—— ‘Hungary, Piano Industry in,’ EKI i. 174 f.

Fontana/KLAV

—— ‘Klaviere in Ungarn’, typescript (Budapest, [n.d.]).

Fontana/PEST

—— ‘Der Klavierbau in Pest und Buda 1817–1872,’ in St Org, 143–85. With illustrations and a directory of makers; also published as Eszter Gát, ‘Pest-Budai Zongorakészét_k’ (Budapest, 1991).

Fontana/PEST-BUDAI

—— (= Gát, Eszter). Pest-Budai Zongorakésztítk. Tanulmányok Budapest Múltjából 33 (1991). Profusely illustrated, with portraits of Lajos Beregszászy and Vilmos Schwab, drawings of actions and instruments, builders’ labels, and maps, including one showing Pest and Buda.

Ford/PEDAL

Ford, Karrin. ‘The Pedal Piano—A New Look’, The Diapason, i. 75/10, no. 899 (Oct. 1984), 10–11; ii. ‘Schumann and the Pedal Piano’, 75/11, no. 900 (Nov. 1984), 6; iii. ‘After Schumann’, 75/12, no. 901 (Dec. 1984), 14–15.

Fostle/STEINWAY

Fostle, D. W. The Steinway Saga: An American Dynasty (New York: Scribner, 1995).

Fox/GUIDE

Fox, David H. A Guide to North American Organbuilders: Compiled from Historical Sources and the Work of Various Researchers (Richmond, VA: Organ Historical Society, 1991).

Franz/DOLGE

Franz, Eleanor. Dolge. (Herkimer, NY: Herkimer County Historical Society, 1980).

French

French, Anne. Former Acting Curator, Iveagh Bequest, Kenwood. London. Private communication.

French/MER

—— `Life of Merlin'. See MERLIN.

Fridrich/ORG

Fridrich, Zdenek. `Der Orgelbauer Jan Výmola', ActaO 5 (1971), 87–139.

Frimmel/BEET

Frimmel, Theodor von. Beethoven-Studien (2 vols.; Munich and Leipzig, 1905–06), i. 22 f.; ii. 233. Discussion of the Vogel piano.

Fulton/GILB

Fulton, Justin D. Memoir of Timothy Gilbert (Boston: Lee and Shepard, 1866).

Furtado/ORD

Furtado, Peter, et al. The Ordnance Survey Guide to Historic Houses in Britain (Twickenham, 1987).

Gable

Gable, Frederick K. and Barbara. Riverside, CA. Private communication.

Gábry/KLAV

Gábry, György. `Das Klavier Beethovens und Liszts', StMus 8 (1966), 379–90.

Gábry/LISZT

Gábry, György. ‘Franz Liszts Klaviere’, StMus 20 (1978), 389–403.

Gábry/MEISTER

—— ‘Das Meisterbuch der Pester Instrumentenmacher‑Innung’, StMus 2 (1962), 331–44.

Gábry/OLD and OLD2

—— Régi hangszerek. Eng. trans. Éva Rácz. Old Musical Instruments (Budapest, 1969; 2nd rev. edn. Budapest: Corvina Press, 1972).

Gai/NOTE

Gai, Vinicio. `Note storiche e descrittive sul più antico pianoforte verticale costruito da Domenico Del Mela', La Zagaglia, 40 (Lecce, 1968), 379–87. Extracted from Gai's Gli strumenti musicali della Corte medicea e il Museo del Conservatorio `L. Cherubini' di Firenze: Cenno storico e catalogo descrittivo (Florence/CONSERVATORIO).

Gaines/LIVES

Gaines, James R., ed. The Lives of the Piano (New York, 1981).

Gallay/INV

Gallay, Jules. Un inventaire sous la Terreur (Paris, 1890; repr. Geneva, 1985).

Galpin/BRIT

(Galpin Society). British Musical Instruments: Arts Council Exhibition, Aug. 1951 (London, 1951).

Galpin/MADE

—— Made for Music: An Exhibition to Mark the 40th Anniversary of the Galpin Society for the Study of Musical Instruments at Sotheby's. 11 to 22 August, 1986 (London, 1986; printed in Amersham, Buckinghamshire, 1986).

Galpin/OLD

Galpin, Francis. Old English Instruments of Music (London, 1910; repr. Clair Shores, MI, 1978; 2nd edn. 1921; 3rd edn. 1932; 4th edn. rev. with supplemental notes: Thurston Dart, 1965).

Galpin/TEXT

—— A Textbook of European Musical Instruments (London, 1937).

Gammond/MUS

Gammond, Peter. Musical Instruments in Color (New York, 1976).

Garlick

Garlick, William. Blue Point, NY. Private communication.

Gát

Gát, Eszter. See Fontana, Eszter.

Gatti–Basso/ENCI

Gatti, Guido M., and Albert Basso. Part I, Enciclopedia storica, i. 3 (Turin, 1966).

GentM

The Gentlemen’s Magazine (London).

Gérard/INV

Gérard, Bernardette. ‘Inventaire alphabétique des documents répertoriés relatifs aux musiciens parisiens conservés aux archives de Paris’. Recherches sur la musique française classique xiii (Paris, 1973), 181–213.

Gerber

Gerber, Ernst Ludwig. Historisch‑biographisches Lexicon der Tonkünstler (2 vols.; LeipzigBreitkopf & Härtel, 1790–92; 2nd edn. 1812–14; facs. repr. Graz, 1966–69).

GergelyiW/HIST

Gergelyi, Otmar, and Karol Wurm. `Historische Orgeln und Gehäuse in der Westslowakei', ActaO 14 (1980), 11–172. With brief English and French summaries, 171 f.

Germann/ACC

Germann, Sheridan. ‘The Accidental Collector’, EKS/NEWS 5/3 (Mar. 1991), 1–5.

Gerry/SOME

Gerry, Roger G., Commander, USN. ‘Some Early Pianos in Philadelphia’, The Chronicle of the Early American Industries Association, Inc., 6/3 (July 1953), 25–8.

Gierveld/HARP

Gierveld, Arend Jan. `The Harpsichord and Clavichord in the Dutch Republic', TVNM 30 (1981), 117–66.

Gilbert

Gilbert, Catherine. Edward–Dean Museum, Cherry Valley, CA. Private communication.

Giles

Giles, Canon John R. Private communication.

Gildersleeve/GEIB

Gildersleeve, Alger C. John Geib and His Seven Children (New York: By the author, 1945).

Gill/PIANO

Gill, Dominic, ed. The Book of the Piano (Oxford, 1981).

Gillespie/FIVE

Gillespie, John. Five Centuries of Keyboard Music (Belmont, CA, 1965; repr. New York, 1972).With 22 illustrations

Gil-Marchex/REMARKS

Gil‑Marchex, Henri. Eng. trans. Rita Benton. `Some Remarks on the Beginnings of the Piano in France', AMT 12/6 (July–Aug. 1963), 24 f. General and designed for the average reader; no specific instruments mentioned.

Giulini/PIANO

Giulini, Steno, ed. Il pianoforte (Ancona, 1973; rev. edn. of an earlier volume in Ger., published for the Schweizerische Vereinigung für Hausmusik). Contains several illustrations of pianos from the Deutsches Museum, Munich.

Gleich/LIT

—— `Literature on the Early Pianoforte', Org Yb 16 (1985), 120–48.

Gleich/MEYER

Gleich, Clemens von. `De pianobouwers Meincke en Pieter Meyer te Amsterdam', Museum Memo (Haags Gemeentemuseum) (The Hague, 1978). 6 pp. Includes Eng. summary: `The Piano Builders Meincke and Pieter Meyer of Amsterdam'.

Gleim

Gleim, Elfrid. Germanisches Nationalmuseum, Nuremberg. Germanisches Nationalmuseum, Nürnberg. Private communication.

Glick/CLARINET

Glick, David A. `The Five‑Keyed Clarinet', DMA thesis (Rochester, NY, University of Rochester, 1978). The appendix contains data on early pianos.

Gloag/SHORT

Gloag, John. A Short Dictionary of Furniture (London, 1952; 2nd edn. rev. 1969; 3rd edn. rev. New York, 1965).

Goebel/GRUND

Goebel, Josef. Grundzüge des modernen Klavierbaues (Berlin, Verlag Deutsche Instrumentenbau-Zeitung,1921). Discussion of advancements made by the Steinways. Fig. 17, p. 55, illustrates the ‘first’ Steinway square, 1853; fig. 18, p. 57, illustrates the first Th. Steinway & Fr. Grotrian upright, 1859. Late 19th-century pianos by other makers are also mentioned.

Golightly

Golightly, John Wesley. ‘The Piano between 1800 and 1850: The Instruments for which the Composers Wrote’, DMA thesis (Ohio State University, 1980 [or 1981]).

Good

Good, Edwin M. Washington, DC. Private communication.

Good/FILE

Good, Edwin M. Card index file of piano information.

Good/GIRAFFES

Giraffes, Black Dragons, and Other Pianos (Stanford, CA, 1982). Contains photos of action models constructed by Ronald V. Ratcliffe.

—— Giraffes, Black Dragons, and Other Pianos (Stanford, CA, 1982; 2nd edn. forthcoming). Contains photos of action models constructed by Ronald V. Ratcliffe.

Goodway/WIRE

Goodway, Martha. `Phosphorus in Antique Iron Music Wire', Science, 236 (22 May 1987), 927–32.

Göthel/INSTR

Göthel, Folker, with Josef Bellot, John Henry van der Meer, Hans Schmid, Theodor Wohnhaas, Hermann Fischer, and Josef Heinle. ‘Instrumente’, MB 99–145. Catalogue of extant instruments by Bavarian makers.

Göthel/STEIN

—— ‘Stein, Familie’, MGG xii. 1230–4.

Göthel/STREI

—— ‘Streicher, Johann Andreas’, MGG xii. 1515 ff.

Gough/CLASS

Gough, Hugh. ‘The Classical Grand Pianoforte 1770–1830’, PRMA 77 (1950–51), 40–50.

Gould/BUYING

Gould, Brian. Buying a Square Piano (Bedford Park, England, 1968). Extremely short dis­cus­sion of the characteristics of Victorian squares; printed in a limited edition of 100.

Grafing/ALPHEUS

Grafing, Keith G. ‘Alpheus Babcock’s Cast‑Iron Piano Frames’, GSJ 27 (May 1974), 118–24.

Grafing/BAB

—— ‘Alpheus Babcock: American Pianoforte Maker (1785–1842): His Life, Instruments, and Patents’, DMA thesis (University of Missouri, 1972).

Grafing/BAB2

Grafing, Keith G. ‘Babcock, Alpheus (1785–1842)’, NG i. 768.

Grahn

Grahn, Göran. Stiftelsen Musikkulturens främjande, Stockholm. Private communication.

GrattanF/DUBLIN

Grattan Flood, W. H. ‘Dublin Harpsichord and Pianoforte Makers of the Eighteenth Century’, Journal of the Royal Society of Antiquities of Ireland, 39 (1909), 135–45.

Greenfield/ACTIONS

Greenfield, Jack. ‘Piano Actions: From Cristofori to Erard’, pt. 1 of a series of 3, PTJ 22 (Dec. 1979), 18–20.

Greenfield/CENT

—— ‘The Piano's Century of Progress: 1770s–1870s’, pt. 2 of a series of 3, PTJ 23 (Jan. 1980), 19–23.

Greenfield/CRIST

—— `Cristofori's Initial Piano Design', PTJ 28 (Sept. 1985), 22–4.

Greenfield/HOME

—— ‘Home Pianos: Squares, Uprights, and Other Verticals’, pt. 3 of a series of 3, PTJ 23 (Feb. 1980), 33–6.

Greenfield/POLITICS

—— `Politics and Music in Florence during the Latter Part of Cristofori's Career', PTJ 28 (Nov. 1985), 16–18. Lists known Cristofori pianos, spinets, and harpsichords in museums.

Greenfield/SOUND

—— `Cristofori's Soundboard Design: Cristofori Becomes Curator of Medici Instrument Collection', PTJ 28 (Oct. 1985), 21–3.

Greenfield/SOUND

—— ‘Sound Background: Paris Becomes a Piano-making Center’, PTJ 31 (Sept. 1988), 27–30.

Groce/NY and
Groce/NY2

Groce, Nancy. Musical Instrument Makers of New York: A Directory of Eighteenth- and Nineteenth-Century Urban Craftsmen (New York, Pendragon Press 1991). Revised edition of the 2nd volume of the author’s 1982 doctoral dissertation from the University of Michigan.

Grove

Grove, Kim. Polk Memorial Association. Columbia, TN. Private communication.

Grove2, Grove5

Grove's Dictionary of Music and Musicians, 2nd edn. ed. J. A. Fuller Maitland (5 vols.; London, 1904–10); 5th edn. ed. Eric Blom (10 vols.; London: Macmillan & Co ltd; and New York: St Martin's Press,, 1954). See also NG.

Grover/PIANO

Grover, David S. The Piano: Its Story from Zither to Grand (London, 1976). Contains several photos of pianos from the Mickleburgh Collection, now dispersed.

Grundmann/JEN

Grundmann, Günther. Jenischpark und Jenischhaus (Hamburg, 1957).

GSJ

Galpin Society Journal (Cambridge, Mar. 1948–  ).

Guchtenaere/PIANO

Guchtenaere, Marguerite de. Le Piano: Son Origine, son histoire, sa facture (Ghent, 1924). Brief summary of piano history as it was understood in 1921, with action drawings and a list of works for the instrument by better known composers.

Gutmann

Gutmann, Veronika. Sammlung alter Musikinstrumente, Historisches Museum Basel. Private communication.

Gutmann/BROSY

—— ‘Zum Schaffen der “Instrument und Orgelmacher” Peter Fridrich Brosi und Johann Jacob Brosy: Ein Beitrag zum Basler Instrumentenbau im 18. Jahrhundert’, BJHM 11 (1987), 31–61.

Gutmann/INST

—— ‘Les Instruments de musique dans la tradition bourgeoise (depuis le XVIIe siècle)’, Musikinstrumente der Schweiz: 1685–1985=Instruments de musique de Suisse: 1685–1985 (Zurich, 1985), 73–88. Exhibition catalogue.

H&F and H&FM

Harpsichord & Fortepiano, ed. David Bray (Richmond, Surrey, Oct. 1994–96); succeeded Harpsichord & Fortepiano Magazine, ed. Warwick Henry Cole (Cheltenham, Gloucestershire).

Haase/BERLIN

Haase, Gesine. ‘Der Berliner Pianofortebau’, in DroyEH/HAND, 67–90.

Haase/RÜCK

—— ‘Rückblick auf die Glauzzeit des Berliner Pianofortebauer’, i (July 1986); ii (Aug. 1986).

Hague

Hague, E. C., QC. Montreal West, Canada. Private communication.

Haine

Haine, Malou. Musée Instrumental de Bruxelles. Private communication.

Haine/FACT

—— Les Facteurs d'instruments de musique à Paris au XIXe siècle: Des arti­sans face à l'industrialisation (Brussels, 1985). Gives descriptions of work­shops with locations, documents, and a list of makers.

Haine/GR

—— ‘Groetaers’, Haine–M/DICT, 195 f.

Haine/HO

—— ‘Hoeberechts’, Haine–M/DICT, 217 ff.

Haine/LE

—— `Lemaître, Charles-Hubert', Haine–M/DICT, 253 f.

Haine-M/DICT

Haine, Malou, and Nicolas Meeùs, eds. Dictionnaire des facteurs d'in­stru­ments de musique en Wallonie et à Bruxelles du 9e siècle à nos jours (Brussels, 1986)

Haine-M/INSTR

—— Instruments de musique anciens à Bruxelles et en Wallonie: 17e–20e siècles. ([Brussels, 1986]). Exhibition booklet presenting instruments from pri­vate and public collections in Belgium.

Halfpenny/LATER

Halfpenny, Eric. ‘The Later History of the “Square”’, MO i. 64/758 (Nov. 1940), 90 f. ii. 64/759 (Dec. 1940), 138 f.; iii. 64/760 (Jan. 1941), 186 f.; iv. 64/761 (Feb. 1941), 235 f. Continuation of Halfpenny’s ‘Notes on the Square Pianoforte’ and concerns the early 19th-century English square; discusses Joseph Smith’s 1799 patent, Thom and Allen’s 1820 compensation system, and John Stewart’s 1827 patent.

Halfpenny/NOTES

—— ‘Notes on the Square Pianoforte’, MO, i. 63/751 (Apr. 1940), 330 f.; ii. 63/752 (May, 1940), 378 f.; iii. 63/753 (June, 1940), 425 f.; iv. 63/765 (July, 1940), 466 f. Concerns the 18th-century English square; especially useful as an introduction to Halfpenny’s ‘Later History of the “Square”’.

Hamilton-Philips/GOYA

Hamilton‑Philips, Martha. `Goya's Art and the Music of his Day', Ovation, 7/10 (Nov. 1986), 17. Photo of Spanish Broadwood in Museum of Fine Arts, Boston

Harding/GROVE5

Harding, Rosamond E. M. ‘Pianoforte’, Grove5, 6, 724–43; bibliog. 743 f.

Harding/PIANO, and Harding/PIANO2

—— The Piano‑Forte: Its History Traced to the Great Exhibition of 1851 (Cambridge, 1933; repr. New York, 1973; 2nd rev. edn. Old Woking, Surrey, 1978, repr. London, 1989).

Hardouin/HARP

Hardouin, Pierre J. Eng. trans. with introd. and notes by Frank Hubbard. `Harpsichord Making in Paris: Eighteenth Century', GSJ, i. 10 (May 1957), 10–29; ii. 12 (May 1959), 72–85; iii. 13 (July 1960), 52–8.

Harm

The Harmonicon: A Journal of Music (London, 1823–33).

Harrison/GRAND

Harrison, Sidney. Grand Piano (London, 1976).

Hase/BREIT

Hase, Oskar von. Breitkopf & Härtel i. 1542–1827; ii. 1828–1918. (4th edn. Leipzig: Breitkopf & Härtel, 1917–19). History of the firm.

Haupert/SQU

Haupert, Mary Ellen Patnaude. ‘The Square Pianos of Jonas Chickering’, Ph.D. dissertation (Washington University, St Louis, 1989).

Haupt/WIEN

Haupt, Helga. ‘Wiener Instrumentenbauer von 1791 bis 1815’, SMw 24 (1960), 120–84. Includes a directory of Viennese makers.

Hauterive/FAC

Hauterive, G.‑M. La Facture du piano (Brussels, 1939).

Haxby

Haxby, David. See Malden, John, and David Haxby.

Haydn-St

Haydn‑Studien, ed. Georg Feder. Published by the Joseph Haydn‑Institut, Cologne. (München‑Duisburg: G. Henle Verlag, Band I‑  , 1965–   ).

Head

Head, Jeanine M. Henry Ford Museum & Greenfield Village, Dearborn, MI. Private communication.

Helenius-Öberg/ SVENSKT

Helenius‑Öberg, Eva. `Svenskt instrumentmakeri 1720–1800: En preliminär översikt', STMf 59/1 (1977), 5–43. Contains a summary in English.

Hellwig/ATLAS

Hellwig, Friedemann. Atlas der Profile an Tasteninstrumenten vom 16. bis zum frühen 19. Jahrhundert (Series: Das Musikinstrument, 41; Frankfurt am Main, 1985). Contains many references to Rück Collection pianos.

Henkel

Henkel, Dr Hubert. Deutsches Museum, Munich. Private communication.

Henkel/MENS

—— ‘Mensurberechnungen von Hammerklavieren im 19. Jahrhundert’, MI 40/9 (Sept. 1991), 28–31.

Henkel/MÜN

Henkel, Hubert. ‘Münchens Hammerklavierbau im 18. und frühen 19. Jahrhundert’, Deutsches Museum: Wissenschaftliches Jahrbuch (1992–93), 75–106.

Hennings/LÜB

Hennings, Johann. Musikgeschichte Lübecks, i. Weltliche Musik (Kassel and Basel, 1951). vol. 2: Geistliche Musik by Wilhelm Stahl (Kassel and Basel, 1952)The chapter, `Lübecker Lauten‑ und Instrumentenmacher bis zur Gegenwart', 109–15, is especially valuable.Discusses Lübeck piano makers, including Winter & Meyer, #Ec 2‑1956, p.115

Henry/LAC

Henry, Elizabeth. ‘Lacroix, M.’, Haine-M/DICT, 240.

Hermons/ABOUT

Hermons, John. `About Restoration Reports for Fortepianos', FoMRHI 26 (Jan. 1982), 26 f. Comments on John Barnes's articles in FOMRHI QUARTERLY

Herne/CEMBALO

Cembalo und Hammerflügel: Eine Musikinstrumentenausstellung der Stadt Herne und eine Konzertreihe des Westdeutschen Rundfunks Köln vom 5. bis 8. Dezember 1985 im Kulturzentrum (Tage alter Musik in Herne, 10; Herne, 1985). Exhibition catalogue of the tenth early music festival in Herne, Germany.

Herrmann/REGEN

Herrmann, Heinrich. `Die Regensburger Klavierbauer Späth und Schmahl und ihr Tangentenflügel', D.Phil. dissertation (Universität Erlangen, 1928). LC ML655.He;  UCB NRLF B2 612 052:  Valuable and complete little volume, with a list of extant (in 1927) instruments by Späth and Schmahl, photos, and detailed descriptions. Some may no longer exist; others have by now found their way into other collections. Cornell ArW54639;  also LC ML655.H3;  UCB NRLF B2 612 052;  2 xeroxed copies

Hertz/STEIN

Hertz, Eva. J. A. Stein (1728–1792): Ein Beitrag zur Geschichte des Klavierbaues (Wolfenbüttel and Berlin, 1937; Würzburg, 1937). UCB & SRLF Melvyl (Have xeroxed)

Herzog/ATLAS

Herzog, Hans Kurt. Europe Piano Atlas (Frankfurt am Main, 1984).

Hess/TRANS

Hess, Albert G. `The Transition from Harpsichord to Piano', GSJ 6 (July 1953), 75–94. Contains an inventory of pianos made by Antonio Bartolomeo Bruni, composer and member of the sub‑commission of the Commission Temporaire des Arts, as part of a record of confiscated property during the French Revolution. The pianos no longer exist but were burned for firewood at the Conservatoire. ‑ Have xeroxed

Heyde/MUSIK

Heyde, Herbert. Musikinstrumentenbau: 15.–19. Jahrhundert: Kunst-Handwerk-Entwurf (Wiesbaden: Breitkopf & Härtel, 1986).

Heyde/PREUSS

Heyde, Herbert. Musikinstrumentenbau in Preußen (Tutzing, 1994). Indispensable dictionary of Prussian makers of all types of instruments with extensive commentary on instrument building in Prussia.

HG

HG: House & Garden (New York, 1901–   ).

Hipkins

(Anon.). ‘Alfred James Hipkins’, MT 39/667 (1 Sept. 1898), 581–86 (with photo).

Hipkins et al./INT

—— with Morris Steinert, and Sigmund Schneider, eds. International Exhibition of Music and Drama, Vienna 1892 ([Vienna, 1892]). Not consulted:  mentions the Yale sewing table square attributed to Fritz 

Hipkins/PIANO

Hipkins, Alfred J. A Description and History of the Pianoforte (London, 1896; 3rd edn. London: Novello, [1929]; repr. with introd. by Edwin M. Ripin, De­troit, 1975).

Hipkins/PIANO2

—— ‘Pianoforte’, rev. Edith J. Hipkins, with L. A. Broadwood, Grove2, iv (1907), 150–66. A description of his square by unknown maker, now in Royal College of Music, London

Hipkins/PIANO3

—— ‘The Pianoforte and Its Precursor’, EngIM 1 (Jan. 1884), 215–27. Featured on pp. 226–7 is a Conrad Meyer owned by the Dundee Art Galleries.

Hipkins/SIL

—— `Silbermann', GROVE5 vii. 791 f.

Hirt/MEISTER and Hirt/MEISTER2

Hirt, Franz Josef. Meisterwerke des Klavierbaus: Geschichte der Saitenklaviere von 1440–1880 (Olten, 1955; repr. Frankfurt am Main: Verlag Das Musikinstrument, 1975); 2nd edn. with Eng. trans. by M. Boehme‑Brown. Stringed Keyboard In­stru­ments=Meisterwerke des Klavierbaus (Zurich, 1981). The English version was also issued separately (Boston, 1986).

Hitzig/HÄRTEL

Hitzig, Wilhelm. ‘Zum Härtelschen Klavierbau seit 1807’, Bär 1829/30 (1929), 177–87.

Hnatek

Hnatek, Gerhard. Technisches Museum, Vienna. Private communication.

Hobhouse/1851

Hobhouse, Christopher. 1851 and the Crystal Palace. With an introduction by Osbert Lancaster (3rd rev. edn. London: John Murray, 1950).

Hoffmann/RÖL

Hoffmann, Bruno. `Röllig, Karl Leopold', NG xvi. 117.

Hogwood

Hogwood, Christopher. Cambridge. Private communication.

Holcombe

Holcombe, Shepherd M., jun. Hill-Stead Museum, Farmington, CT. Private communication.

Hollis/HAYDN

Hollis, Helen Rice. The Musical Instruments of Joseph Haydn: An Introduction (Washington, DC, 1977). U.MD.M1410.H4H59

Hollis/JONAS

Hollis, Helen Rice. ‘Jonas Chickering: “The Father of American Pianoforte-making”’, Antiques [77] (Aug. 1973), 227–30.

Hollis/PIANO

—— The Piano: A Pictorial Account of its Ancestry and Development (London and Vancouver, 1975; 2nd rev. edn. New York, 1984).

Hood

Hood, Margaret. Platteville, WI. Private communication.

Hood/STREI

—— ‘Nannette Streicher and her Pianos’, i. ‘A Brief Look at her Life’, Continuo, 9/9 (May 1986), 2–5; ii. ‘The Pianos and Their City’, Continuo, 9/19 (June 1986), 2–7.

Hoover

Hoover, Cynthia Adams. Smithsonian Institution, Washington DC. Private communication.

Hoover/ALB

—— ‘Albrecht, Christian Frederick Ludwig’, and ‘Albrecht [Albright], Charles’, NG i. 222.

Hoover/ALB2

—— ‘Albrecht, C. F. L.’, NGDMI i. 42.

Hoover/CRE

—— `Crehore, Benjamin', NG v. 29 f.

Hoover/KLE

—— ‘Klemm & Brother(s)’, NG x. 105.

Hoover/MACK

—— ‘Mackay’, NG xi. 440 f.

Hoover/OSB

—— `Osborne, John', NG xiv. 33.

Hoover/STEIN

—— ‘The Steinways and Their Pianos in the Nineteenth Century’, JAMIS 7 (1981), 47–89.

Hoover/STEW

—— ‘Stewart, James’, NG xviii. 138.

Hoover/STIEFF

—— ‘Stieff’, NG xviii. 142.

Hoover/WOR

—— `Worch, Hugo', NG xx. 528.

Hoover/WORCH

—— ‘Worch, Hugo’, NG xx. 528.

Horton/SERIOUS

Horton, Charles A. `Serious Art and Concert Music for the Piano ... from Reinagle to ... MacDowell', Ph.D. dissertation (Chapel Hill, University of North Carolina, 1965).

Hounshell/FROM

Hounshell, David A. From the American System to Mass Production 1800–1932: The Development of Manufacturing Technology in the United States (Baltimore and London: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1984). Discusses the American weapons manufacturers, who influenced strongly such industries as clock and furniture making in the early 19th century and later.

Hoyler

Hoyler, I. A. Helmut. Restorer, Kölnisches Stadt Museum, Cologne. Private communication.

Hubbard/STORY

Hubbard, Elbert. The Story of the Steinways (East Aurora, NY, 1911; repr. 1926 from The Fra magazine. Chatty, quaintly phrased account of the first Steinways by a personal friend.

Huber/DECKEL

Huber, Alfons. `Deckelstützen und Schalldeckel in Hammerklavieren', St Org, 229–51. Thorough study of lids of various instruments

 

 

Huber/ÖST

—— `Der österreichische Klavierbau im 18. Jahrhundert: Das “Clavier“ im 18. Jahrhundert', Klangwelt, 47–72.

Husk&J/CHA

Husk, W. H., and Peter Ward Jones. ‘Chappell’, NG iv. 153.

IBACH

Das Haus Rud. Ibach Sohn (Barmen/Cologne, 1894). Factory booklet comme­morating the 100th anniversary of the firm; with a section ‘Musikinstrumente aus dem Museum von Rud. Ibach Sohn’ and photos of three pianos, including a Mathushek (1840) and two earlier examples of a Schenck (1800) and a Schlim­bach (1803), both of which may have later been part of the Heyer Collection in Cologne.

IGI

International Genealogical Index. Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Salt Lake City, UT).

Illion/STORY

Illion, David. ‘The Story of the Early Upright Pianoforte’, AntC (Feb. 1958), 11–16.

Jacoby

Jacoby, Irv and Ellen. Cleveland, OH. Private communication.

Jalabert/REP

Jalabert, Denise. Répertoire des catalogues des musées de province (Paris, 1924).

James/EARLY

James, Philip. Early Keyboard Instruments from their Beginnings to the Year 1820 (London, 1930; repr. 1960).

James/SQU

—— `The Square Piano and its Origin', Conn 82 (Sept. 1928), 4–9.

JAMIS

Journal of the American Musical Instrument Society (AMIS) (Shreveport, LA, then Madison, WI, 1974–   ).

JAMS

Journal of the American Musicological Society (AMS) (1948–   ).

Jeffs

Jeffs, Deborah. Newbury, Berkshire. Private communication.

Jehle/WÜRT

Jehle, Martin Friedrich. Württembergische Klavierbauer des 18. und 19. Jahrhunderts. (Series: Das Musikinstrument, 34; Frankfurt am Main: Verlag Das Musikinstrument, 1982). A small book with useful biographical information on many makers, it includes references to the Musikhistorische Sammlung Jehle in Albstadt, Germany.

Jenkins/DIR

Jenkins, Jean, ed. International Directory of Musical Instrument Collections (Buren, The Netherlands, 1977). See Review by Dale Higbee, JAMIS 5–6 (1979–80), 213–15.

JMKGH

Jahrbuch des Museums für Kunst und Gewerbe Hamburg (1982– ).

Johns

Johns, Keith T. ‘Australia, Piano Industry in’, EKI i. 28–31.

Johnson/MUSICAL

Johnson, J. Earle. Musical Interludes in Boston 1795–1830 (New York, 1943). Contains some notes about Crehore & Meyer pianos sold in Boston;  1n 1790, ca. 27 pianos in Boston ‑‑ all London made

Jones/COR

Jones, Peter Ward. `Corri', NG iv. 802 ff.

Jones/WOOD

—— `John Muir Wood', NG xx. 519.

Jones/WORN

—— `Wornum [Wirnham]', NG xx. 534.

JonesW/LONG

—— and Peter Williams. `Longman & Broderip', NG xi. 220.

Joppig/ENTW

Joppig, Gunther. ‘Zur Entwicklung des Münchner Klavierbaus und Klavier­handels’, Musik in Bayern (Halbjahrschrift der Gesellschaft für Bayerische Musikgeschichte 37 [1988]), 93–122.

Joppig/SEILER

—— ‘Seiler: 30 Jahre Klavierbau in Kitzingen’, MI 40/9 (Sept. 1991), 58–63. Account of the Kitzingen firm which will celebrate their 150th-year jubilee in 1999.

Jordan/SIXTY

Jordan, William A. Sixty Famous Houses of Charleston, South Carolina (8th edn. Charleston, SC, 1970). ref: Watson/CATALOG; shortSee also Leland, Jack, and William A. Jordan. 60 Famous Houses...

Jourdain/ENG

Jourdain, Margaret. English Decoration and Furniture of the Later xviiith Century (1760–1820): An Account of its Development and Characteristic Forms (London, : B. T. Batsford Ltd. 1922; repr. 1930). Includes an illustration of a Chappell & Co. piano.

JunghannsH/PIANO

Junghanns, Herbert. Der Piano‑ und Flügelbau (6th edn. rev. and enl. Frankfurt am Main, 1984).

JunghannsR

Junghanns, Rolf. Bad Krozingen, Germany. Private communication.

Juramie/HIST

Juramie, Ghislaine. Histoire du piano (Paris, 1948).

Juritz

Juritz, J. W. F. Cape Town, South Africa. Private communication.

Kaminski/INSTR

Kaminski, W. Instrumenty muzyczne na ziemisch polskich (Cracow, 1971), 121, 124 (ill. 61, 62, for Skórski pianos).

Kassler/KOLL

Kassler, Michael. `George Augustus Kollmann', NG x. 164.

Katz-Hyman

Katz-Hyman, Martha. Colonial Williamsburg Foundation, Williamsburg, VA. Private communication.

Kaufman/MUS

Kaufman, Charles H. ‘Musical-Instrument Makers in New Jersey 1796–1860’, JAMIS 2 (1976), 5–33.

Kaul/MUSICA

Kaul, Oskar. Musica Herbipolensis: Aus Würzburgs musikalischer Verganen­heit, Frohmut Dangel-Hofmann, ed. (Veröffentlichungen der Gesellschaft für Bayerische Musikgeschichte 5; Marktbreit: Verlag Siegfried Greß, 1980).

Kb

Keyboard (Tunbridge Wells, England, 1969–   ).

Keeling/ANNÉE

Keeling, Geraldine. ‘Liszt Pianos—Année de Pèlerinage’, Liszt Society Journal 10 (Summer 1985), 9 pp. Account of the author's year of research into the pianos played by Liszt.

Keeling/LISZT

—— ‘Liszt and J. B. Streicher, a Viennese Piano Maker’, StMus (Oct. 1986).

Keeling/LISZTPS

Keeling, Geraldine. `The Liszt Pianos: Some Aspects of Preference and Technology', NHQ 27/104 (Winter 1986), 220–32.

Keeling/LISZTPS

—— ‘The Liszt Pianos: Some Aspects of Preference and Technology’, NHQ 27/104 (Winter 1986), 220–32.

Kehl

Kehl, Roy F. Evanston, IL. Private communication.

Kelecom/LO

Kelecom, Claude. `Logé, Mathieu', Haine–M/DICT, 264.

Kelly/DOWNUP

 

Kelly, Wayne. Downright Upright: A History of the Canadian Piano Industry (Toronto: Natural Heritage/Natural History, Inc, 1991).

Kenyon

Kenyon de Pascual, Beryl. Madrid. Private communication.

Kenyon/CARLOS

—— `Carlos III: un rey protector de la música', Reales Sitios, 25/3 (1988), 33–38.

Kenyon/ENGLISH

—— `English Square Pianos in Eighteenth‑Century Madrid', ML 64 (1983), 212–17. xeroxed  discusses English pianos listed for sale in old papers, as well as mentions V&A Flórez & a Buntebart in Seville Cathedral Chapter

 

Kenyon/MIRABAL

—— `Francisco Pérez Mirabal's Harpsichords and the Early Spanish Piano', EM 15/4 (Nov. 1987), 503–13.

Kenyon/SPANISH

—— `Spanish Pianos' (Letter), EM (Aug. 1986), 469 f.

Khoury

Khoury, John. Vacaville CA. Personal communication.

KidsonF/ASTOR

Kidson, Frank, and H. G. Farmer, jun. ‘Astor & Co.’, NG i. 662 f.

KidsonS&J/ BLAND&W

—— `Bland & Weller', NG ii. 781.

KidsonS&J/BLA

Kidson, Frank, William C. Smith, and Peter Ward Jones. `Bland, John', NG ii. 780.

KidsonS&J/GOU

—— `Goulding & Co.', NG vii. 580.

KidsonS&J/PRE

—— `Preston & Son', NG xv. 221.

KidsonS&J/SIMP

—— `Simpson, John', NG xvii. 330 f.

Kidson-Smith-Ward Jones/WHEAT

Kidson, Frank, William C. Smith, and Peter Ward Jones. ‘Wheatstone’, NG v. 380 f.

Kinsky/FLÜGEL

Kinsky, Georg. `Die Flügel Friedrichs des Großen', ZI 54 (1933–36), 195–7, 254.HAVE

Kinsky/HEYER

—— Musikhistorisches Museum von Wilhelm Heyer in Cöln: Ka­ta­log, i. Besaitete Tasteninstrumente: Orgeln und orgelartige Instrumente Frik­tions­instrumente (Cologne, 1910). Detailed descriptive catalogue of the famous Sammlung Heyer (Heyer Collection), much of which had been ac­quired from Paul de Wit. The Heyer Collection was dissolved in 1927. Most of the instruments subsequently went to the University of Leipzig.

Kinsky/KLAV

—— `Die Klavier im Mozart-Museum zu Salzburg', ZI 54 (1933–34), 322–5.

Kinsky/KLEINER

—— Kleiner Katalog der Sammlung alter Musikinstrumente (Cologne, 1913). A small guidebook published jointly by the Musikhistorisches Museum von Wilhelm Heyer in Cologne and Breitkopf & Härtel, Leipzig. Information and a few photos were extracted from Kinsky/HEYER.


Kinsky/MOZART

—— `Mozart‑Instrumente', ActaM 12 (1940), fasc. 1–4. p.13: Franz Gruber's piano in the Museum Carolino‑Augusteum, Salzburg (No. 70 in Geiringer's Katalog  xeroxed

Kinsky/WIT

—— ‘Paul de Wit’, ZMw 8 (1925–26), 254 f.

Kipnis

Kipnis, Igor. West Redding, CT. Private communication.

Kirby/ÉRARD

Kirby, William, and Philippa Kirby. ‘Érard versus Steinway: A Symposium on the Sound of Various Pianos’, PQ 117 (Spring 1982), 44 f. Describes some pianos from the E. Michael Frederick Collection. including examples by Donnal, Hafner, Érard, Bösendorfer, 1856 Érard, 1868 Streicher, 1845 Pleyel, 1820‑25 Hasska [sic], 1805 Clementi, 1820s Hafner, 1820s Stodart

Kirk/MUSIC

Kirk, Elise K[uhl]. Music at the White House: A History of the American Spirit (Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press, 1986).

Kirkpatrick/SCAR

Kirkpatrick, Ralph. Domenico Scarlatti (Princeton, NJ, 1953). Discusses pianos owned by Queen Maria Barbara and Farinelli.

Kite/PLAYING

Kite, Christopher. `Playing the Early Piano: “The day has still to come when Mozart on a Steinway will be regarded ... as necessarily a kind of transcription“', EM 13/1 (Feb. 1985), 54 ff.

Kjeldsberg

Kjeldsberg, Peter Andreas. Ringve Museum, Trondheim, Norway. Private communication.

Kjeldsberg/INDIS

—— `“An Indispensable Instrument“: A Look at the Sources of Piano History in Norway', St Org, 277–84.discusses especially the main makers, Brdrene Hals

Kjeldsberg/PIANO

Kjeldsberg, Peter Andreas. Piano i Norge (Oslo, 1985).

Kjerström-Sjölin

Kjerström‑Sjölin, Eva. Kulturhistoriska Föreningen för Södra Sverige, Lund. Private communication.

Klangwelt

Die Klangwelt Mozarts, ed. Gerhard Stradner and Wilifried Seipel (Vienna, 1991). An elaborate catalogue designed to accompany an exhibit of the same name at the Sammlung alter Musikinstrumente, Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna.

Klaus

Klaus, Sabine Katharina. Private communication.

Klaus/STUDIEN

 

—— Studien zur Entwicklungsgeschichte besaiteter Tasten­instrumente bis etwa 1830: Unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Instrumente im Musik­instrumenten­museum im Münchner Stadtmuseum, i. Quellen und Studien zur technischen Entwicklung (Tübinger Beiträge zur Musikwissenschaft, 16; Tützing, 1997). The accompanying catalogue was published in 1998 on microfiche as vols. 2–5; it was not consulted for this study, although portions of Dr Klaus’s unpublished doctoral dissertation were sent.

Kleemann/ORGEL

Kleemann, Gotthilf. `Die Orgelbauerfamilie Schmahl', ActaO 7 (1973), 71–105.

KleinKlein, Hans. Private communication.KleinR/BADU

Klein, Rudolf. `Badura-Skoda, Paul', NG ii. 14. Some of the pianos belonging to the Badura-Skoda Collection in the late 1970s are listed.

KleinR/DEMU

—— `Demus, Jörg', NG v. 362. A brief selection of the pianos from this famous collection are listed.

Klesse–Mayr/SCHÄTZE

Klesse, Brigitte, and Hans Mayr. Verborgene Schätze aus sieben Jahr­hunderten: Ausgewählte Werke aus dem Kunstgewerbemuseum der Stadt Köln (Cologne, 1977). Contains an article about and photos of the Landschütz square sewing cabinet piano.